Read about the lost continent - The Atlantis

Read about the lost continent - The Atlantis

the under water city
The idea of Atlantis, the "lost" peninsula, which is often exemplary as an advanced utopian society with the wisdom that can bring world peace, has captivated dreamers, magicians, and the new age for generations. Thousands of books, magazines, and websites have been dedicated to Atlantis, and it's still a popular topic. People have lost their fortunes, and in some cases even their lives, in search of Atlantis.

The origins of Atlantis

Unlike many myths that lost their origins in the fog of time, we know exactly when and where Atlantis' story first appeared. The story was first told in two of Plato's dialogues, "Timaeus" and "Cretias", written around 360 BC.


 Although Atlantis today is often seen as a peaceful utopia, the Atlantis that Plato described in his tale was completely different. In his book "Encyclopaedia of Dubious  Archaeology", archaeology professor Ken Feder notes that in Plato's story, "Atlantis is not a place to honour or imitate it at all. Atlantis is not the ideal society ... but quite the opposite. Atlantis is the embodiment of a nation Rich materially, technically advanced, and militarily strong, corrupted by its wealth, sophistication, and power. " As propaganda in Plato's account of morality, the myth of Atlantis revolves around the heroic competitor of the city, Athena, rather than of a sunken civilization. If Atlantis was already present today and was found intact and inhabited, its inhabitants would most likely attempt to kill us and enslave us all.

Plato evidently invented Atlantis as a plot tool for his stories, because there are no other records of it anywhere in the world. There are many Greek texts present; Surely someone else would have remembered, at least in traffic, such a wonderful place. There is simply no evidence from any source of the myths about Atlantis before Plato wrote about it.

 In his book "Find Me in Atlantis: Across Three Continents in Search of the Legendary Lost City", Mark Adams explains how the Greek myth became so unknown. It was because of a Minnesota man named Ignatius Donnelly (1831-1901). Donnelly was a congressman and amateur historian who claimed, in his 1882 book "The Ancient World", that all the great developments in civilization and technology date back to the long-lost island mentioned by Plato. But Donnelly went beyond just generalizing the story of Plato. He added some of his "facts" and ideas that became part of Atlantis' legend. Donnelly promoted what is now called "proliferation", the notion that all great cultures belong to one source.

 Adams describes Donnelly as "the first great fundamentalist in Atlantis, in the sense that he believes that the story of Plato was objectively accurate outside supernatural elements like Poseidon." Donnelly sent a copy of his book to Charles Darwin, who found it interesting but not convincing. He read it "in a very skeptical spirit." After analyzing much of Donnelly's material, Adams reached a similar conclusion: "Donnelly ... was a windbag. He knew the results he wanted and searched his sources for facts that only suit his needs., Without stopping. To take into account any reasonable doubt."

 Later, the less-skeptical book explained Donnelly's theories, adding their own opinions and speculation. This mystic included Madame Blavatsky (in her 1888 book, "The Secret Doctrine") and the famous psychologist Edgar Kayes in the 1920s. Cais, who gave a fundamentalist Christian development to the history of Atlantis, gave psychological readings and claimed that thousands of people, many of whom he claimed, had lived a previous life in Atlantis. Unfortunately, none of the information has been verified, and Casey mistakenly predicted that the continent would be discovered in 1969.

 The "lost" continent

 Despite its apparent origin in fiction, many people have claimed over the centuries that there must be some truth behind myths, as they speculate where to find Atlantis. Countless Atlantis "experts" have identified the lost continent around the world based on the same set of facts. Candidates, each with their own sets of evidence and arguments, include the Atlantic Ocean, Antarctica, Bolivia, Turkey, Germany, Malta, and the Caribbean.

under water city - Atlantis

However, Plato is very clear about the location of Atlantis: "As for the ocean at the time it was possible to move around because it is in front of the mouth that the Greeks call, as you say," the pillars of Heracles "(meaning Hercules) there was an island larger than Libya and Asia combined." In other words, it is located in the Atlantic Ocean behind the “pillars of Hercules” (i.e. the Strait of Gibraltar at the mouth of the Mediterranean). However, it was never found in the Atlantic Ocean, or anywhere else.

The only way to make Atlantis' puzzle (and assuming it was a real place in the past) is to ignore his obvious origins as a moral myth and change the details of Plato's story, claiming that he obtained the truth license, since either by mistake or with intent to cheat. With the addition, omission or misinterpretation of various details in Plato's work, almost any proposed site can be made to "fit" his description.

However, as the author pointed out. Sprague de Camp in his book "The Lost Continents", "You cannot change every detail of the story of Plato and still claim to have a story of Plato. It is like saying that the legendary king Arthur" Cleopatra "really, all you have to do is change the sex of the Cleopatra, its nationality, its mood and personality Moral and other details, and the similarity is clear. "

The most obvious sign that Atlantis legend is that no trace has ever been found despite advances in oceanography and ocean floor mapping in recent decades. For nearly two thousand years, readers can be forgiven for suspecting that the vast depths may somehow hide a sunken city or continent. Although much mystery remains at the bottom of the world's oceans, it is inconceivable that oceanographers, divers and deep-sea exploration overlook a terrestrial mass "greater than Libya and Asia combined".

Moreover, plate tectonics show that Atlantis is impossible. As the continents shifted, the seafloor expanded over time and did not shrink. There will simply be no place to sink Atlantis. As Ken Feder notes, “Geology is clear; there may not be much of the Earth that would later sink in the area where Plato places Atlantis. Together, modern archaeology and geology provide unambiguous rule: there was no Atlantic continent; there was no civilization A great called Atlantis. "

Ignatius Donnelly was confident of his theory, expecting that strong evidence of the sunken city would soon be found and that museums around the world would one day be filled with artifacts from Atlantis. However, more than 130 years have passed without any trace of evidence. The legend of Atlantis was kept alive, driven by the imagination and magic of the public with the long-hidden and lost the idea of utopia. However, The Lost City of Atlantis was never lost. It is where it has always been in Plato's books.

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