Siachen-the world's highest battlefield | Ngtraveller
The Siachen Glacier, located in the Karakoram Range to the east of the Himalayas, is one of the five largest Karakoram glaciers, with an average elevation of 18,000 feet above sea level. At 78 kilometres, it is the longest glacier in the Karakoram and the second longest polar region in the world. Most of the Siachen Glacier comes under the LOC (Line of Control), a disputed area between India and Pakistan. Since 1984, when the two countries have been fighting for territorial sovereignty, the Siachen Glacier has been known as the highest battlefield on Earth.
The Siachen dispute started with an incomplete border on the map of the area. They called Shimla Agreement was signed between the two countries in 1972 after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, but it was not clear who controlled the glaciers. UN officials have agreed that there will be no contest between India and Pakistan in such a cold, desolate area. He made a mistake. In the 1970s and early 1980s, the Pakistani government began iceberg expeditions under the guise of climbing higher peaks. With the permission of the Pakistani government for this visit, the demands of the ideological sector should be strengthened.
In 1984, when Pakistani forces tried to enter the region, India launched a successful military operation, which later captured the Siachen Glacier and its tributaries. From 1984 to 1999, there were frequent clashes between India and Pakistan. However, bad weather at Siachen caused more damage than enemy fire. Both India and Pakistan have a permanent military presence at an altitude of 6,000 meters (20,000 ft) and thousands of troops are stationed in Siachen.
Despite the 2003 ceasefire, both sides lost approximately 2,000 workers, mainly due to snow, ice and other problems. In all, there are about 150 manpower police stations on the glaciers of the country, each with 3,000 soldiers. The official figures for the post for India and Pakistan are $300 million and $200 million, respectively. At 21,000 feet (6,400 m) above sea level in the Point Zone, the Siachen Glacier has the world's highest helipad, which India has built to supply its troops. India has also built the world's highest telephone exchange in Iceberg.
Apart from the military presence of India and Pakistan, the glacier area is desert. The nearest city center is Warsi village, about 10 miles from the Indian base camp. The area is very inaccessible and has very little road connectivity.